The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

Porto is nearly synonymous to port wine, and also its rich history. The city's historic center and the Alto Douro Wine Region have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

65城房价上涨库存连跌4年 调控政策或加速出台

Wish many good wishes for the holidays and the coming year.新的一年,向你献上最诚挚的祝福。
《深红报》称,此次被取消入学资格的学生所在的私人脸书群组名为“哈佛饥渴猥琐资产阶级少年”。
雷文斯克罗夫特认为,如果他成为一名管理顾问,他的视野可能会相对狭窄。教学工作也有助于他变得愿意承担风险——这来之不易。“如果你曾站在30名会毫不犹豫地指出你的错误的青少年面前讲课,这种体验可能会让你变得愿意去尝试。”
凯特·温丝莱特凭借她在电影《乔布斯》中扮演的乔安娜·霍夫曼一角斩获金球奖最佳女配角奖项。当她听到自己获奖时,她目瞪口呆地坐在椅子上不敢相信。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 聚焦资本市场:房企扎堆赴港IPO 拆分物业上市迎新一轮热潮 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

广东家居行业湖南建基地 首批63家企业签约入驻

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

据中国在线招聘服务平台智联招聘发布的一项调查显示,2017年应届大学毕业生平均签约月薪为4014元(582美元),签约在一线城市的应届毕业生约占三成。
“有些人说自己去吃午饭了,然后一去不回。”
单词credit 联想记忆:
对于英国广播公司文化部门来说,戛纳期间堆满了工作,而派对是少之又少。但是,影展之外的电影节给小镇描上了醉人的红色。在2013年,我们试图联系白雪香槟酒庄(Piper Heidsieck)计算电影节期间香槟的消费数量,但作为提供“官方饮品”的白雪香槟酒庄拒绝回应。不过看看克鲁瓦塞特(Croisette)大道上那些微醺的脸庞以及踉跄的步态,我们可以合理的推测香槟的消费数量十分庞大。电影节的第一周,在为马提欧?加洛尼影片《故事的故事》(Tale of Tales)举办的派对上香槟成河,狂欢者嗨至凌晨。次日早晨,英国广播公司的瑞贝卡?劳伦斯与某位明星进行访谈,询问其在采访前休息了多久。这位明星只是眯起了惺忪的眼睛,抬起了2根手指。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

如果不是看作有利可图的投资的话,人们依然喜欢欣赏早期绘画大师的作品,从中获得愉悦。苏富比称,6000人参观了12月5日至9日的早期绘画大师作品拍卖会预展,而6月份的印象派和当代艺术品拍卖会的参观人数为6400人。很多历史悠久的画作的确在低端价位上找到了市场,在12月9日至10日的早期绘画大师作品日间拍卖会上,佳士得和苏富比的售出比例都很高,分别是67%和65%。
达奇斯说:年底iphone5和迷你ipad的发布,消除了海内外制造业和乔布斯死后遗留影响的争议,这使得苹果成为年度最大的赢家。
进入前五强的还有桑德拉·布洛克(Sandra Bullock),是我们榜单中仅有的两位女演员之一(另一位是排名第十的詹妮弗·劳伦斯)。布洛克出演了两部电影题材迥异的热门影片:《地心引力》(Gravity)是一部紧张刺激的惊险片,有望使她再次获得奥斯卡提名;而《辣手警花》(The Heat)则是一部票房成绩不俗的喜剧片,全球票房收入达2.3亿美元。

环保家装需求旺 铝合金门窗企业应向环保发力

n. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金
挪威两度拒绝成为欧盟成员国,整体排名为地第十。“公民权益”排名第一,“最透明”国度排名第二。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 一线楼市国庆节成交量同比上涨 难掩整体低迷走势 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

James is proof of a trend we've seen, from Tim Duncan to Manu Ginobili to Vince Carter. Conditioning, health science and nutrition are paving the way for athletes to remain in their prime, and then serviceable, for way longer than before. James is realistically still going to be the best player on his team when he's 36, and that's straight up bonkers.
声明中说:“我们真诚地向《月光男孩》剧组、《爱乐之城》剧组、沃伦?比蒂、费?唐纳薇和奥斯卡颁奖礼观众致歉,因为在宣布最佳影片环节中我们出了纰漏。”
然而,相关数据似乎表明,中国企业投资西方经济体的步伐可能在放缓。
Dawn Hudson, Academy CEO:

中国租售比超240倍 租房比买房更划算

这句话是唯一来自现实世界而不是网络的。一位政府官员在回答《焦点访谈》记者“天津市每年要偿还公路建设的贷款量有多大”的问题时,回答到“这事儿不能说太细”,网民们觉得这句话很有意思,于是流传甚广。
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n. 珠宝,珠宝类
《三块广告牌》
这一现象值得注意。巴西是个多种族国家,黑人占总人口比例位居世界第二,仅低于尼日利亚。在2010年的人口普查中,超过一半的巴西人认为自己是黑人或混血儿。
Managers are able to reward their subordinates in unique, personalized ways thanks to the budget they receive from corporate. Two examples of past bonuses: free trail rides at an equestrian stadium and a barbeque with lassoing and horseshow throwing lessons.
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The history of James Bond theme songs isn't quite as long as some might suspect, however. The first two films in the series – Dr. No and From Russia With Love – didn't have opening songs, they had orchestral arrangements. Dr. No even segued into a weird rendition of "Three Blind Mice." Later on, On Her Majesty's Secret Service gave the opening number amiss and snuck its theme song into the middle and end of the movie.
据该报告显示,苹果的品牌价值同比去年增长了5%,至1780亿美元,而谷歌的品牌价值同比增长了11%,至1330亿美元。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

英国《金融时报》2017年高管教育排行榜列出了全球85个最佳定制课程和75个最佳开放课程。排名主要基于学员和客户的满意度以及学校收入增长、国际化程度和师资多样性等指标。
评委会将奖项授予了来自东京工业大学的大隅良典,以表彰他在细胞自噬作用研究上所做的贡献。
6Sweden
黄金市场可能会对美元以及美国加息的前景着迷。但还有一个因素正在逼近:金矿供应下降。
The Bellarine Peninsula, located Southwest of Melbourne, Victoria, has been a hotspot for timeless beaches and historic towns like Queenscliff and Portarlington.

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Matthew McConaughey and Jared Leto both won for their startlingly gaunt performances in the Texas HIV drama 'Dallas Buyers Club.' Leonardo DiCaprio, a nine-time Golden Globe nominee, won his second Globe for best actor in a comedy for his uninhibited work in 'The Wolf of Wall Street.' He thanked director Martin Scorsese for his mentorship ('Wolf' is their fifth film together) and for 'allowing me to stalk you to make this movie.'

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

The history of James Bond theme songs isn't quite as long as some might suspect, however. The first two films in the series – Dr. No and From Russia With Love – didn't have opening songs, they had orchestral arrangements. Dr. No even segued into a weird rendition of "Three Blind Mice." Later on, On Her Majesty's Secret Service gave the opening number amiss and snuck its theme song into the middle and end of the movie.
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Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

不久后,拉塞尔爱上了一名叫菲利普·莫里斯的狱友。莫里斯出狱后,拉塞尔通过给职员办公室打电话再次越狱,还假冒法官,大幅降低了自己的保释金。为了和莫里斯在一起,他又被捕和逃脱了两次,一度假装自己已经离世。他现在被判终身监禁,但表示看到自己的电影形象很激动。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)